Species Iris Group of North America

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Iris graminea

Botanical Name: Iris graminea (added by D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)

Botanical Synonyms:

Iris colchica (D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)


Spuria (D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)

Common Names:

Plum-scented iris (D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)

Chromosome Count:

2n=34 (D. Kramb, 20-SEP-04)

General Description:

8"-16" (20-40cm) tall, with very fragrant reddish-violet to purple flowers (D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)

Distinguishing Features:

Flowers have plum scented fragrance (D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)

I. graminea var. achtaroffii has yellowish-white flowers. (D. Kramb, 20-SEP-04)

I. graminea var. pseudocyperus has larger & more robust flowers than I. graminea, and is also unscented. (D. Kramb, 20-SEP-04)

Preferred Habitat:



Estimated Zone 3-9 (D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)

Native Range:

Central Southern Europe, Spain to Russia, Crimea, Caucasus (D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)

I. graminea var. pseudocyperus ranges from Czech Republic, Romania, Transylvania, and Slovakia. (D. Kramb, 20-SEP-04)

Status in the Wild:


Commercial Availability:


Sources Cited:

Info entered on 20-SEP-04 comes from the SIGNA Checklist of Iris Species. (D. Kramb, 20-SEP-04)

Additional Comments:

Comes in 3 main varieties: I. graminea, I. graminea var. achtaroffii, and I. graminea var. pseudocyperus which can be distinguished by flower size, color, and scent. (D. Kramb, 20-SEP-04)

Where to buy it:

Arrowhead Alpines

Chapman Iris

Iris City Gardens

SIGNA member!

Joy Creek Nursery

Munchkin Nursery

Nicholls Gardens

Siskiyou Rare Plant Nursery

Wildwood Gardens

SIGNA member!

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